Dexamethasone

generic for Decadron

What is Dexamethasone?

Common Brand(s): Decadron

Dexamethasone is used to treat conditions such as arthritis, blood/hormone disorders, allergic reactions, skin diseases, eye problems, breathing problems, bowel disorders, cancer, and immune system disorders. It is also used as a test for an adrenal gland disorder (Cushing's syndrome).

Dexamethasone belongs to a class of drugs known as corticosteroids. It decreases your immune system's response to various diseases to reduce symptoms such as swelling and allergic-type reactions.

Uses

  • miliary tuberculosis
  • trichinosis
  • sarcoidosis
  • diagnostic test for Cushing's syndrome
  • hypercalcemia associated with sarcoidosis
  • Hodgkin's lymphoma
  • mycosis fungoides
  • non-Hodgkin's lymphoma
  • multiple myeloma
  • acute lymphoid leukemia
  • metastatic prostate carcinoma
  • humoral hypercalcemia of malignancy
  • thyroiditis
  • adrenogenital disorder
  • adrenocortical insufficiency
  • acute gouty arthritis
  • pseudogout
  • autoimmune hemolytic anemia
  • Diamond Blackfan anemia
  • erythroblastic anemia
  • idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura
  • acquired thrombocytopenia
  • cerebral edema
  • myasthenia gravis
  • ophthalmia sympathetic
  • uveitis
  • ocular inflammation
  • rheumatic fever
  • rheumatic carditis
  • pericarditis
  • carditis
  • polyarteritis nodosa
  • giant cell arteritis
  • vasculitis
  • croup
  • nasal polyp
  • laryngeal edema
  • asthma
  • asthma exacerbation
  • berylliosis
  • Loffler syndrome
  • Crohn's disease
  • ulcerative colitis
  • inflammatory bowel disease
  • celiac disease
  • nephrotic syndrome
  • atopic dermatitis
  • contact dermatitis
  • eczema
  • dermatitis herpetiformis
  • pemphigus
  • pemphigoid
  • erythema multiforme
  • exfoliative dermatitis
  • psoriatic arthritis
  • psoriasis
  • transfusion reaction urticaria
  • systemic lupus erythematosus
  • systemic dermatomyositis
  • rheumatoid arthritis
  • juvenile idiopathic arthritis
  • synovitis due to osteoarthritis
  • ankylosing spondylitis
  • polymyalgia rheumatica
  • epicondylitis
  • bursitis
  • respiratory distress syndrome in the newborn
  • prevention of post-operative nausea and vomiting
  • prevention of radiation-induced nausea and vomiting
  • angioedema
  • hypersensitivity drug reaction
  • organ transplant rejection
  • serum sickness
  • cancer chemotherapy-induced nausea and vomiting
  • prevention of cancer chemotherapy-induced nausea and vomiting
  • subacute bursitis
  • follicular lymphoma
  • diffuse large B-cell lymphoma
  • progressive diffuse large B-cell lymphoma
  • tuberculosis meningitis treatment adjunct
  • Burkitt's lymphoma
  • acute exacerbation of multiple sclerosis
  • pure red cell aplasia

Usage Instructions

Take this medication by mouth as directed by your doctor. Take with food or milk to prevent stomach upset. Take the tablet form of this medication with a full glass of water (8 ounces/240 milliliters) unless your doctor directs you otherwise. If you are using the liquid form of this medication, carefully measure the dose using a special measuring device/spoon. Do not use a household spoon because you may not get the correct dose.

If you take this medication once daily, take it in the morning before 9 AM. If you are taking this medication every other day or on another schedule besides a daily one, it may help to mark your calendar with a reminder.

The dosage and length of treatment are based on your medical condition and response to treatment. Take this medication exactly as prescribed. Follow the dosing schedule carefully. Your doctor may attempt to reduce your dose slowly from time to time to minimize side effects.

Do not stop taking this medication without consulting your doctor. Some conditions may become worse when this drug is suddenly stopped. Also, you may experience symptoms such as nausea, dizziness, weakness, or muscle/joint pain. To prevent these symptoms while you are stopping treatment with this drug, your doctor may reduce your dose gradually. Consult your doctor or pharmacist for more details. Report any new or worsening symptoms right away.

Tell your doctor if your condition does not improve or if it worsens.

Storage

Store at room temperature away from light and moisture. Do not store in the bathroom. Keep all medications away from children and pets.

Do not flush medications down the toilet or pour them into a drain unless instructed to do so. Properly discard this product when it is expired or no longer needed. Consult your pharmacist or local waste disposal company.